Step by Step Guide: IV Cannulation Procedure

Step 1: Preparing for the Procedure

Before starting the IV cannulation procedure, wash your hands thoroughly and gather all the necessary equipment. This includes sterilized gloves, disposable tourniquet, alcohol swabs, sterile dressing, IV catheter, and IV fluids. Ensure that the patient is comfortable and informed about the procedure. Explain the process and gain consent if required.

Tip: Always maintain a clean and organized workspace throughout the procedure.

Step 2: Identifying the Suitable Vein

Carefully examine the patient’s arm to identify a suitable vein. Generally, the median cubital vein or the cephalic vein is preferred for IV cannulation. You may use a tourniquet to help visualize the veins better. Gently palpate the vein to ensure it is well dilated and easy to access.

Tip: In some cases, it may be necessary to use a smaller vein or a more proximal site. Use your clinical judgment and follow appropriate protocols.

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