Jelco IV Cannula – A Guide to Insertion and Maintenance

Inserting an intravenous (IV) cannula is a common procedure in various healthcare settings. Among the different types of IV cannulas available, the Jelco IV cannula stands out for its superior quality and ease of use. This blog post will provide you with a comprehensive guide to the insertion and maintenance of Jelco IV cannulas.

Introduction to Jelco IV Cannula

The Jelco IV cannula is a medical device used to access veins for various medical treatments, including infusion of medications, fluids, or blood products. It consists of a hollow plastic tube with a sharp, beveled tip and a connector for attaching to IV tubing or other devices.

Choosing the Right Size

Choosing the appropriate size of the Jelco IV cannula is crucial for successful insertion and patient comfort. The size is denoted by the gauge number, and smaller gauge numbers indicate larger cannulas. A larger gauge cannula is suitable for situations where a higher flow rate is required, such as during fluid resuscitation or blood transfusions.

Preparation and Sterilization

Prior to cannula insertion, it is essential to follow proper hand hygiene and gather all necessary equipment. The Jelco IV cannula should be sterile, and the packaging integrity must be checked before use. The site of insertion should also be prepared by cleaning the area with an antiseptic solution.

Insertion Technique

The technique for inserting a Jelco IV cannula involves the following steps:

  1. Select the appropriate vein for cannulation. Common sites include the forearm, hand, or antecubital fossa.
  2. Apply a tourniquet proximal to the insertion site to engorge the vein.
  3. Confirm the location of the vein and ensure it is free from any visible abnormalities.
  4. Gently clean the area with an antiseptic swab and let it dry.
  5. Hold the cannula with a firm grip, bevel up, at a 20-30 degree angle to the skin.
  6. Insert the cannula into the vein using a controlled, smooth motion.
  7. Observe for a flashback of blood in the cannula to confirm successful insertion.
  8. Advance the cannula a little further and secure it in place with an adhesive dressing.
  9. Connect the IV tubing or other devices to the cannula’s connector.

Complications and Troubleshooting

While Jelco IV cannulas are generally safe and well-tolerated, complications can occasionally occur. Some common complications include infiltration, phlebitis, and catheter-related bloodstream infections. This blog post does not cover conclusion at the end of the article, but it is important to familiarize yourself with potential complications and be prepared to address them promptly.

If complications arise during or after insertion, healthcare professionals should follow institutional protocols for troubleshooting and seek appropriate guidance.

Maintenance and Removal

Proper maintenance of the cannula is crucial to prevent complications and infections. Regular assessment and documentation of the insertion site, dressing changes, and flushing the cannula according to the institution’s policies help maintain patency and reduce the risk of infection.

When the Jelco IV cannula is no longer required, it should be promptly removed by stabilizing the patient’s skin with one hand while gently withdrawing the cannula with the other hand. Apply direct pressure or a sterile dressing to the site if needed.


This blog post aimed to provide you with essential knowledge about Jelco IV cannula insertion and maintenance. Remember to always follow best practices, institutional policies, and guidelines while performing this procedure. By doing so, you can ensure optimal patient outcomes and minimize the risk of complications associated with IV cannulation.

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