How to Properly Close an IV Cannula – A Step-by-Step Guide

Inserting an intravenous (IV) cannula is a common medical procedure used to administer medications, fluids, and blood products directly into a patient’s bloodstream. However, it’s equally important to learn how to properly close an IV cannula to prevent complications and ensure patient safety. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through a step-by-step process to effectively close an IV cannula.

Step 1: Gather the necessary equipment

Before you begin, ensure you have all the required supplies, including sterile gloves, an alcohol swab, a transparent dressing, and a securement device.

Step 2: Wash your hands

Prioritize hand hygiene by washing your hands thoroughly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Dry your hands using a clean towel or disposable paper towel.

Step 3: Put on sterile gloves

Open the sterile gloves package carefully, ensuring not to touch the inside of the gloves. Put them on using the appropriate technique to maintain sterility.

Step 4: Perform a final assessment

Before closing the IV cannula, assess the patient’s arm for any signs of redness, swelling, or leakage around the insertion site. Also, ensure the drip chamber is properly filled and the flow rate is appropriate.

Step 5: Clean the insertion site

Using an alcohol swab, clean the area around the IV cannula insertion site in a circular motion, starting from the center and moving outward. Allow it to air dry completely.

Step 6: Close the IV cannula

Gently press the IV cannula against the skin, just above the insertion site, using your non-dominant hand. With your dominant hand, remove the needle slowly and smoothly while applying pressure to the cannula hub to prevent blood from leaking out.

Step 7: Apply a transparent dressing

Take a sterile transparent dressing and carefully apply it over the IV cannula insertion site. Ensure the dressing is secure, but not too tight, allowing for regular assessment of the site.

Step 8: Secure the tubing

Using a sterile securement device, secure the tubing in a way that maintains stability and minimizes the risk of accidental dislodgment.

Step 9: Document and provide patient education

Make sure to record the procedure in the patient’s medical chart, including the condition of the insertion site, any complications encountered, and the date/time of the closure. Lastly, educate the patient about the IV cannula, signs of potential complications, and the importance of reporting any discomfort immediately.

By following these steps, you can confidently and safely close an IV cannula. Remember, maintaining proper hygiene, utilizing sterile techniques, and ensuring adequate documentation are key aspects of this process.

Disclaimer: This blog post is for informational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Always consult with a healthcare professional for specific guidance related to your medical condition.

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